Jean Monnet Module on “The EU and Security in the Wider Neighbourhood”
- Eğitmen: Prof. Dr. Sinem AKGÜL AÇIKMEŞE (Modül Koordinatörü)
- Eğitmen: Prof. Dr. Mitat ÇELİKPALA (AB-Doğu Modül Lideri)
- Eğitmen: Assoc. Prof. Dr. Salih BIÇAKCI (AB-Güney Modül Lideri)
- Dersin Verildiği Okul: Kadir Has Üniversitesi
- Kadir Has Üniversitesi Ders Kodu: PS 450
This module focuses on the EU as an international security actor in its Eastern and Southern neighbourhoods which share unstable settings challenged by various political, societal and economic issues. The first track of the module is designed to equip the students with an introductory understanding of the external competences of the EU from a historical, institutional, conceptual and thematic perspective as well as a thorough grasp of the European Neighbourhood Policy with a specific focus on its modalities in both regions. The students will then be exposed to two regional tracks, first focusing on the Euro-East, second on the Euro-South; in order to understand the opportunities and challenges for the EU in dealing with security issues in its wider neighbourhood ithrough a more specialized approach.
The objective of the course is to provide students with the analytical tools to understand the special nature of the EU’s approach towards the security issues in its wider neighbourhood both in the East and the South. The course’s main aim is to provide students with a strong understanding of the main political motivations as well as the track record of the EU in dealing with security around its neighborhood. Overall, this module aims at supporting the students in their academic work and further their research projects and ideas.
By the end of the course students will, demonstrate a thorough grasp of the literature on the ENP, understand the conceptual and empirical aspects of the study of the EU’s security policies towards the wider neighbourhood, acquire a good understanding and a comparative perspective on the modalities of the two-region aspect of the neighbourhood policies, apply their knowledge of the tools of policy analysis to empirical cases of EU neighborhood relations.
You are expected to read the required texts and prepare for each class, attend classes not only physically but also by contributing to discussions and submit a reflection paper on the challenges and the opportunities that the EU faces in dealing with one specific security issue of the regional track that you choose.
Attandance & Make-up
In accordance with University regulations, you need to attend all classes and the guest lectures. Attendance will be taken, and students below %70 of attendance will not be able to get the credits.You are encouraged to discuss your legitimate excuse for non-attendance with the Module Coordinator in advance (or in emergency situations immediately afterwards) and/or provide documentation.
If you have a legitimate excuse that hinders you from submitting your assignment on time, please discuss this with me beforehand (or in emergency situations immediately afterwards), so that we can assign you a reasonable deadline. The papers that are not submitted on time will be penalized according to University regulations.
Please turn off or silence your cell phones. No calls, incoming or outgoing, or text messaging are allowed. Please refrain from being involved in personal social media activities in class (facebook, twitter, instagram etc).
Students fulfilling class requirements will be awarded with a certificate of 5 ECTS credits.
The ECTS certificates as well as the transcript of grade will be posted to the students’ addresses.
- You are expected to write a reflection paper on the challenges and opportunities that the EU faces in dealing with one of the below specific security issue on a regional track that they choose.
- The specific security issues are:
- Human security
- Energy security
- Environmental security
- Economic security
- Political security
- Maritime security
- Military security
- Cyber security
- Identity security
- Regime security
- Regional tracks are:
- The Middle East and North Africa
- The EU’s Eastern Neighbourhood
- You need to register to one of the issues and tracks by the end of the first week.
- The word-limit is 2000 words. State the number of words used at the end.
- You are asked to read/review at least 10 academic articles and/or book chapters.
- Be careful not to copy from your class-mates’ essays or wikipedia-type websites.
Course Materials and Readings
You are expected to read the required texts from the books and articles as listed in the course outline. Your readings will be uploaded to Blackboard.
- Founding treaties and the formal website of the EU are important references for this course.
- The readings for the guest lectures, if any, will be uploaded to Blackboard.
COURSE OUTLINE AND READINGS
Track 1: The EU and Security in the Wider Neighbourhood
Week 1: Evolution of EU’s External Relations
- Christopher Hill and Michael Smith, International Relations and the European Union, Oxford University Press, 2011, pp. 44-71 (Chapter on the Pattern of the EU’s Global Activity).
- Karen E. Smith, European Union Foreign Policy in a Changing World, Polity, 2008 (Chapters 1, 2, 3).
Shared Vision, Common Action: A Stronger Europe – A Global Strategy for the European Union’s Foreign and Security Policy, June 2016
Week 2: Making of EU Foreign and Security Policy: Actors, Institutions and Instruments
- Christopher Hill and Michael Smith, International Relations and the European Union, Oxford University Press, 2011, pp. 75-100 (Chapter on the Institutional Framework).
- Edith Drieskens, “Introduction: EU Actors”, Knud Erik Jorgensen et.al. (eds.), The SAGE Handbook of European Foreign Policy, SAGE, 2015, pp. 561-570.
Week 3: Enlargement as EU Foreign Policy
- Elizabeth Johansson-Nogues, “Enlargement”, Knud Erik Jorgensen et.al. (eds.), The SAGE Handbook of European Foreign Policy, SAGE, 2015, pp. 853-868.
Christopher Hill and Michael Smith, International Relations and the European Union, Oxford University Press, 2011, pp. 299-323 (Chapter on Enlargement, the Neighbourhood, and the European Order).
Week 4: Common Security and Defense Policy
- Christopher Hill and Michael Smith, International Relations and the European Union, Oxford University Press, 2011, pp. 197-225 (Chapter on the EU’s Security and Defence Policy).
- Stephanie B. Anderson, “The EU Defence Debate: What Kind of Power Is It”, Knud Erik Jorgensen et.al. (eds.), The SAGE Handbook of European Foreign Policy, SAGE, 2015, pp. 928-945.
Week 5: EU’s External Economic Relations
- Alasdair R. Young and John Peterson, “Trade”, Knud Erik Jorgensen et.al. (eds.), The SAGE Handbook of European Foreign Policy, SAGE, 2015, pp. 837-853.
- Maurizio Carbone, “Development and Foreign Aid”, Knud Erik Jorgensen et.al. (eds.), The SAGE Handbook of European Foreign Policy, SAGE, 2015, pp. 898-913.
Week 6: EU Neighbourhood Policy: Evolution and Challenges
- Federica Bicchi and Sandra Lavenex, “The European Neighbourhood: Between European Integration and International Relations”, Knud Erik Jorgensen et.al. (eds.), The SAGE Handbook of European Foreign Policy, SAGE, 2015, pp. 868-884.
- Sven Biscop, “The ENP, Security and Democracy in the Context of the European Security Strategy”, Richard G. Whitman and Stefan Wolff (eds.), The European Neighbourhood Policy in Perspective: Context, Implementation and Impact, Palgrave, 2010, pp. 73-89.
Week 7: The Modalities of Euro-East Initiatives
- Dimitrios Triantaphyllou, “The European Union and the Black Sea Region in Search of a Narrative or a New Paradigm”, Sinem Akgül Açıkmeşe and Dimitrios Triantaphyllou (eds.), The European Union and The Black Sea: The State of Play, Routledge, 2016, pp. 8-22.
- Gwendolyn Sasse,”The ENP and EU’s Eastern Neighbours: Ukraine and Moldova as Test Cases”, Richard G. Whitman and Stefan Wolff (eds.), The European Neighbourhood Policy in Perspective: Context, Implementation and Impact, Palgrave, 2010, pp. 181-206.
Week 8: The Modalities of Euro-South Initiatives
- Federica Bicci, “The Impact of the ENP on EU-North Africa Relations: The Good, the Bad and the Ugly”, Richard G. Whitman and Stefan Wolff (eds.), The European Neighbourhood Policy in Perspective: Context, Implementation and Impact, Palgrave, 2010, pp. 206-223.
- Paola Rivetti and Francesco Cavatorta, “European Foreign Policy and the Middle East”, Knud Erik Jorgensen et.al. (eds.), The SAGE Handbook of European Foreign Policy, SAGE, 2015, pp. 766-779.
Track 2: EU-East
The EU and Security in the Eastern Neighbourhood
Week 1: Security Dynamics of the Eastern Neighbourhood
- Florence Gaub and Nicu Popescu, The EU Neighbours 1995-2015: Shades of Grey, Chaillot Papers No 136, December 2015, especially pp. 41-62.
- Elena Gnedina and Nicu Popescu, The European Neighbourhood Policy’s First Decade in the Eastern Neighbourhood, The European Neighbourhood Policy Paper 03, July 2012.
Janusz Bugajski and Peter Doran, “Black Sea Defended: NATO Responses to Russia’s Black Sea Offensive”, CEPA Center for European Policy Analysis, Strategic report No.2, July 2016
Janusz Bugajski and Peter Doran, “Black Sea Imperatives: Ensuring NATO Security and American Interests for the Incoming US Administartion, CEPA Center for European Policy Analysis, Strategic report No.3, November 2016
Week 2: Conflicts of the Region and the EU’s Operational Role
- Stanislav Secrieru, Protracted Conflicts in the Eastern Neighbourhood: Between Averting Wars and Building Trust, Neighbourhood Policy Paper 06, January 2013.
- Marco Siddi and Barbara Gaweda, Bystander in its Neighbourhood? The European Union’s Involvement in Protracted Conflicts in the Post-Soviet Space, IEP Policy Papers on Eastern Europe and Central Asia No.1, 2012.
- Licinia Simao, “The EU’s Conflict Resolution Policies in the Black Sea Area”, Sinem Akgül Açıkmeşe and Dimitrios Triantaphyllou (eds.), The European Union and The Black Sea: The State of Play, Routledge, 2016, pp.22-35.
- Sinem Akgül Açıkmeşe and Cihan Dizdaroğlu, “Squaring the Circle: The EU’s Operational Impact in the Black Sea Region”, Sinem Akgül Açıkmeşe and Dimitrios Triantaphyllou (eds.), The European Union and The Black Sea: The Sate of Play, Routledge, 2016, pp.36-47.
Week 3: Energy Security in the Black Sea and the EU’s Role
- Mitat Çelikpala, Turkey and the New Energy Politics of the Black Sea Region, Neighbourhood Policy Paper 05, January 2013.
- Slawomir Raszewski, The Weakest Link? Hedging Energy Security Challenges and Opportunities Within the Eastern Neighborhood, The Mediterranean and The Black Sea/Caspian Region, Neighbourhood Policy Paper 07, February 2013.
Arnaud Dubien and Jordi Vaquer I Fanés, Security and Energy Security in The Black Sea Region, Directorate-General for External Policies of the Union Directorate-B Policy Department Standard Briefing, 2010
Week 4: EU-Ukraine Relations and Russian Policies
- Mykola Kapitonenko, The European Neighbourhood Policy’s Eastern Dimension: The Impact of the Ukrainian Crises, Neighbourhood Policy Paper 15, July 2015.
- Elena A. Korosteleva, “EU Partnership/Governance in Ukraine: a deadlock of ambitions?’”, Elena A. Korosteleva, The European Union and its Eastern Neighbours : towards a more Ambitious Partnership?, Routledge, 2012, pp.82-103.
Steven Pifer, Russian Aggression against Ukraine and the West’s Policy Response, The Senate Foreign Relations Committee Subcommittee on Europe and Regional Security Cooperation Statement for the Record
Week 5: EU’s Policies towards the South Caucasus
- Mitat Çelikpala and Cavid Veliev, Azerbaijan-Georgia-Turkey: An Example of a Succesful Regional Cooperation, CIES Policy Brief 03, December 2015.
Laure Delcour and Hubert Duhot, Bringing South Caucasus Closer to Europe: Achievements and Challenges in ENP Implementation, Natolin Research Papers 03/2011
Jos Boonstra and Laure Delcour, A Broken Region: Evaluating EU Policies in the South Caucasus, Policy Brief No 193, January 2015
Week 6: EU-Moldova Relations
- Elena A. Korosteleva, “EU Partnership/Governence in Moldova: an unrequted partner”, Elena A. Korosteleva, The European Union and its Eastern Neighbours : towards a more Ambitious Partnership?, Routledge, 2012, pp.104-124.
Jos Boonstra, Moldova: an EU success story? Policy Brief No 92, August 2011
Week 7: EU-Belarus Relations
- Elena A. Korosteleva, “EU Partnership/Governence in Belarus: towards Policy Legitimation?”, Elena A. Korosteleva, The European Union and its Eastern Neighbours : towards a more Ambitious Partnership?, Routledge, 2012, pp.61-81.
- David Rotman And Natalia Veremeeva, “Belarus in the Context of the Neighbourhood Policy: Between the EU and Russia”, Journal of Communist Studies and Transition Politics, 27, 1, 2011, pp.73-98.
Track 3: EU-South
The EU and Security in the Southern Neighbourhood
Week 1: Security Dynamics of the Southern Neighbourhood
- Mehran Kamvara, “From Territories to Independent States”, The Modern Middle East: a Political History since the First World War, University of California Press, 2005.
Anthony Cordesman, The [New-Old] Crises and Instability in the Middle East and North Africa in 2016
- Kristin Archick, The European Union: Questions and Answers, CRS Report, 2016.
Week 2: Conflicts of the Region and the EU’s Operational Role
- Silvia Colombo and Daniela Huber, “State of the Art: The EU, Crisis Management and Conflict Prevention”, The EU and Conflict Resolution in the Mediterranean Neighbourhood: Tackling New Realities through Old Means? , IEMed/EuroMeSCo Papers 27, 2016.
- On the Security Challenges in the Middle East and North Africa Region and the Prospects for Political Stability, EU Committee on Foreign Affairs (2014/2229(INI))
- Towards a new European Security Strategy? Assessing the Impact of Changes in the Global Security Environment, EU Parliament Directorate-General for External Policies Policy Department, June 2015 – PE 534.989.
Week 3: The EU and the Arab-Israel Conflict
- Mohammad El-Sayed Selim, “The European Union and the Arab Israeli Conflict: In Search of a New Approach”, Europe and the Middle East on Major Policy Issues, Al-Siyassa Al- Dawliya, 2010, pp. 17-29.
- Esra Bulut Aymat (ed.), European Involvement in the Arab-Israeli Conflict, Institute for Security Studies of the European Union, Chaillot Papers, 2010, pp. 15-30, 75-86.
Week 4: Terrorism, Violence and Radicalism in the Region and EU’s Policies
- Leslie Lebl, “The Islamist Threat to European Security”, The Middle East Quarterly, 21, 3, 2014.
- Frédéric Simon, “From 9/11 to Charlie Hebdo: The EU’s response to terrorism”, EurActiv, 14 January 2015.
- Follow-Up to the Statement of the Members of the European Council of 12 February 2015 on Counter-Terrorism: Report on Implementation of Measures, Brussels, 10 June 2015 (OR. en) 9422/1/15 REV 1.
Week 5: EU’s Policies towards the Syrian Crisis
Rim Turkmani, The Role of the EU in the Syrian Conflict
Rim Turkmani and Mustafa Haid, The Role of the EU in the Syrian Conflict
- Cynthia Orchard and Andrew Miller, “European Response to the Syrian Refugee Crisis” in Protection in Europe for Refugees from Syria, Forced Migration Policy Briefing 10, University of Oxford, 2015.
- EU-Turkey Agreement: Questions and Answers Brussels, 19 March 2016
Week 6: EU’s Policies towards Egypt
Rafael Bolous, “How Does the EU Promote Democracy in Egypt? – A European Strategy Put to the Test”
Vanda Amaro Dias, A Critical Analysis of the EU’s Response to the Arab Spring and its Implications for EU Security
Week 7: EU-Libya Relations
- Nicole Koenig, “Between Conflict Management and Role Conflict: the EU in the Libyan crisis, European Security, 23, 3, 2014.
- Hrant Kostanyan and Steven Blockmans, “Saving Libya from itself: What the EU should do now?”, CEPS Commentary, 1 December 2014.