Aim of The Course
This course will focus on the historical processes and contemporary issues in the Balkans. It has three basic aims. First of all, it aims to analyse the historical developments in the Balkan region. Second, it covers the contemporary security challenges, political and economic issues in the Balkan countries as well as examines the roles of the external actors in the region, like the European Union, Russia and China. Third, it sheds light on the importance of the Balkan region in Turkish foreign policy. The region of the Balkans has played an important role in global politics since the 19th century. In the contemporary era, the wars of Yugoslav succession led to the emergence of ethnic animosities and religious polarisation. The post-conflict Balkans still keeps the traces of the wars of the 1990’s. The course will cover the Western Balkans as well as EU member Balkan states. It will analyse both historical developments and contemporary challenges in those countries.
All students are expected to attend online classes and take an active part in class discussions. There are reading assignments for each week. You should read the weekly assignments before coming to online classes. Active participation will consist of 10 % of the grade. Active participation means reading the weekly assignments each week and contributing to class discussions regularly. Active participation is more than class attendance. Any kind of plagiarism and cheating will lead to the final grade of “FF”.
The evaluation will be based on the following criteria:
- Murat Necip Arman-Nazif Mandacı (eds.), Çağdaş Balkan Siyaseti, Ankara, Seçkin, 2014.
- Misha Glenny, Balkanlar 1804-1999 Milliyetçilik, Savaş ve Büyük Güçler, trans. by Mehmet Harmancı, İstanbul, 2001. (The original book is in English)
- Şaban Çalış-Birgül Demirtaş (eds.), Balkanlar’da Siyaset, Eskişehir, Anadolu Üni., 2012.
- Osman Karatay – Bilgehan A. Gökdağ (eds.), Balkanlar El Kitabı, Cilt I: Tarih, Çorum, Karam-Vadi, 2006.
- Osman Karatay – Bilgehan A. Gökdağ (eds.), Balkanlar El Kitabı, Cilt II: Çağdaş Balkanlar, Çorum, Karam-Vadi, 2007.
- Tanıl Bora, Yugoslavya, Milliyetçiliğin Provokasyonu, İstanbul, Birikim, 1995.
- Tanıl Bora, Bosna-Hersek, Yeni Dünya Düzeni’nin Av Sahası, İstanbul, Birikim, 1999.
Week 1: Introduction and general information about the course. Basic information about the Balkans
Week 2: History of the concept of “Balkans” and “Southeast Europe”
Week 3: Understanding the history of the Balkans and the Ottoman legacy
Week 4: Independence process of the Balkan countries
Week 5: Formation of nation states and Cold War period
Week 6: Balkans after the end of the Cold War I – Wars in Yugoslavia: Slovenia, Croatia and Bosnia
Week 7: Balkans after the end of the Cold WarII–Kosovo War and the Albanian Question in the Balkans
Week 8: Authoritarian tendencies and security challenges in post-conflict Balkans
Week 9: European Union and the Balkans
Week 10: Bulgarian and Romanian Membership to the EU
Week 11: Migration crisis and EU’s relations with regional countries
Week 12: Turkey and the Balkans
Week 13: Russia, China and Balkans
Week 14: Review
Prof. Dr. Birgül Demirtaş, Türk-Alman Üniversitesi öğretim üyesi. Lisans eğitimini Boğaziçi, yüksek lisans eğitimini Bilkent, doktorasını Berlin Hür Üniversitesi’nde tamamladı. Türk dış politikası, Alman dış politikası, Balkanlar, yerel diplomasi ve akademide toplumsal cinsiyet konularında çalışmaktadır.